Textile Glossary - K

KAPOK: Short, lightweight cotton-like fibers from the seed pod of trees of the family Bombacabeae. A very brittle fiber, it is generally not spun. It is used for stuffing cushions, mattresses, etc., and for life jackets because of its buoyancy and moisture resistance.

KERATIN: The basic protein constituent of wool and other hair fibers.

KERSEY: A heavily fulled or milled woolen fabric having a high lustrous nap and a “grainy” face, kersey is frequently used in overcoats.

KHAKI:
  1. A light yellowish brown.
  2. A khaki-colored cloth of cotton, wool, or combinations of these fibers with manufactured fibers used primarily in military uniforms and workclothes.

KIER: A large metal tank, capable of being heated uniformly, used for wet processing.

KIER BOILING: Process of boiling cellulosic materials in alkaline liquors in a kier at or above atmospheric pressure.
KINK:
  1. In fabrics, a place where a short length of yarn has spontaneously doubled back on itself.
  2. In yarn, see SNARL.
KINKING: The doubling back of yarn on itself to relieve torque imparted by twisting or texturing.

KINKY THREAD: See KINK.


KNEE BREAK-OUT TEST: A method to evaluate the performance of fabrics, especially boys’ wear, when subjected to abrasion, stretch, and impact forces under conditions which simulate ordinary wear at the knee.

KNEEING: Abnormal behavior of a spinning threadline (especially in melt spinning) in which one or more filaments form an angle (knee).

KNIT-DE-KNIT: See TEXTURING, Knit-de-Knit Method.

KNIT FABRIC: A structure produced by interlooping one or more ends of yarn or comparable material. (Also see KNITTING.)

KNIT-MISS: A form of tricot knitting in which yarns on each bar of a two-bar machine are knit at alternate courses only. This type of knitting permits the use of heavy-denier yarns without creating undesirable bulkiness in the fabric.

KNITTING: A method of constructing fabric by interlocking series of loops of one or more yarns. The two major classes of knitting are warp knitting and weft knitting, as follows:
  1. Warp Knitting: A type of knitting in which the yarns generally run lengthwise in the fabric. The yarns are prepared as warps on beams with one or more yarns for each needle. Examples of this type of knitting are tricot, milanese, and raschel knitting.
    Milanese Knitting:
    A type of run-resistant warp knitting with a diagonal rib effect using several sets of yarns.
    Raschel Knitting:
    A versatile type of warp knitting made in plain and Jacquard patterns; the latter can be made with intricate eyelet and lacy patterns and is often used for underwear fabrics. Raschel fabrics are coarser than other warp-knit fabrics, but a wide range of fabrics can be made. Raschel knitting machines have one or two sets of latch needles and up to thirty sets of guides.
    Tricot Knitting:
    A run-resistant type of warp knitting in which either single or double sets of yarn are used. (Also see TRICOT.) 
  2. Weft Knitting: A common type of knitting, in which one continuous thread runs crosswise inthe fabric making all of the loops in one course. Weft knitting types are circular and flat knitting.
    Circular Knitting:
    The fabric is produced on the knitting machine in the form of a tube, the threads running continuously around the fabric.
    Flat Knitting: The fabric is produced on the knitting machine in flat form, the threads alternating back and forth across the fabric. The fabric can be given shape in the knitting process by increasing or decreasing loops. Full-fashioned garments are made on a flatknitting machine. (Also see FLAT-KNIT FABRIC.)
KRAFTCORD: This yarn produced by tightly twisting plant fiber is sometimes used in carpet backings.

KRAFT PULPS: Pulps prepared in the alkaline liquor consisting of sodium hydroxide, sodium carbonate, and sodium sulfide. Also called sulfate pulp.

KRAFT YARN: A yarn made by twisting a strip of paper manufactured from kraft pulp.

KROY® SHRINKPROOFING PROCESS: Continuous process for shrinkproofing wool tops in which there is a direct chlorination step with no intervening chemical reaction followed by anti-chlorination and neutralization. Provides better hand and strength than does conventional shrinkproofing.

KUSTERS DYEING RANGE: Continuous dye range for carpets. The unit wets the carpet, applies dyes and auxiliary chemicals by means of a doctor blade, fixes the dyes in a festoon steamer, and washes and dries the carpet in one pass through the range. An optional auxiliary unit may be installed to randomly drip selected dyes onto the background shade for special styling effects. This process is called TAK dyeing.

38 comments:

Dan said...

KUSTERS DYEING RANGE

Haha is that based on the Kuster's last stand?

(jp, i know its custard)

Izi said...

Great post, keep it up

comradejoker.blogspot.com/ said...

very efficient process!

Come At Me Bro said...

Nice info!

Monster Madness said...

Okay, good to know!

Green_Magix said...

Great info mate thanks!

SWOOP! said...

KINKY THREAD: See KINK.


I feel like kinky thread should have a definition.

Nailgun said...

haha, what am I even looking at with this blog

SpringyB said...

This is more info about cloth than I'd even thought I'd read.

CrispyPeanutButter said...

I cant wait for I!

Emil said...

Great post!

Robert K. said...

can't wait until your next post!!

Randy said...

I showed my friends your post and they enjoyed it! Keep them coming!

WoW_Updates said...

KHAKI wut a color?? in my country we call dark skinned guys khaki >< oh my...

Kartoffeln said...

We want the L! Nice post!

Apps Master said...

really interesting. can't wait for the L

Campino said...

interesting stuff dude

Nudelsalat said...

great post & really great blog! :)

Cacti said...

Still more about textiles than I would ever need to know.

Come At Me Bro said...

Great info!

Nailgun said...

Kusters Dying Range. Never forget!

Luigibomb said...

Khaki feels nice, good info too!

ModerneFusion said...

I can't help but laugh at Kinky thread :P

Voacaroo said...

Keep them coming! :)

About Insurance said...

We're almost halfway through the alphabet...

amidoinitrite? said...

that's awesome!

Cunning Linguist said...

I just started checking out your blog, and I like what you're doing with the definitions

Fuuuuuuuu said...

good stuff here man

MacPCharmony said...

wow, that gives me something to think about

Swift Love said...

cool, can't wait for an update

Copyboy said...

I like when Sean C. used to say Khaki and Car keys on SNL.

Robert K. said...

pretty Kool :P

Emil said...

completely agree with you!

Kartoffeln said...

It's unbelievable that I didn't know the meaning of not even one of these terms

Adrien said...

And here I thought the English language hardly had any words starting with K.

I like the sound of kinky thread btw.

dous said...

I love it man. Keep it up!

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