A Brief Introduction To Textiles

Textile: The word "textile" comes from latin word "textilies" which means "woven" and the verb "texere" which means "to weave".
Today the word textile is freely defines as any products made from fibers also is applied to non-woven fabrics, knitted fabrics and special fabrics construction in addition to weaving. When the word textile is used with term "fiber" it refers to any product capable of being woven or other wise made into fabrics.
But now a days widely "textile" is refered to the entities  that are linked with the manufacturing and processing of the textile products.
Textile Fabrics

Textile Engineering: The section of engineering where the knowledge about manufacturing and processing of textile products are given, is called the textile engineering. In this section, the technological, manufacturing and also the processing knowledge of textile goods are achieved.

Sectors Of Textile Engineering

  1. Yarn manufacturing technology,
  2. Fabric manufacturing technology,
  3. Dyeing /Colouration /Wet processing technology,
  4. Garments /Apparel manufacturing technology.
Fibers: Fibers are poliable hair like substances that are very small in diameter in relation to their length. A fiber is a unit of matter whose length is 1000 times longer than its width. For example: Cotton, Silk, Jute etc.
Textile Fibers: The materials which consists fibrous structure and its length is thousands times higher than its width and which can be spun into yarns suitable for weaving or knitting is classified as textile fibers.

To Become Textile Fiber It Should Have The Following Fundamental Properties:

  1. It should have fibrous structure and the length should be thousand times longer than its width,
  2. It must have sufficient strength, elasticity and spinning power,
  3. It should have fine structure and flexibility,
  4. It should have dyability or dyes and chemical absorbancy,
  5. It must be readily obtainable in adequate quantities so that the end products will be cheap,
  6. Protecting ability from biological agents.

5 comments:

hungrr said...

I did not know much of this! Thanks!

amidoinitrite? said...

good description on textiles!

ISO 9001 said...

I really appreciate your post and you explain each and every point very well.Thanks for sharing this information.And Ill love to read your next post too.

Regards

ISO 9001

ISO 9001 said...

I really appreciate your post and you explain each and every point very well.Thanks for sharing this information.And Ill love to read your next post too.

Regards

ISO 9001

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